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                                                    [沖刺中考]英語閱讀與填空:22-Monday 綠色建筑 245詞

                                                    所屬教程:英語閱讀理解與完形填空(中考沖刺)

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                                                    2023年01月04日

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                                                    22-Monday 綠色建筑 245詞

                                                    題材: 綠色建筑  詞數: 245  建議閱讀時間: 5分鐘

                                                    閱讀下面的短文,選擇正確答案。

                                                    What will the house of the future look like?Could it have gardens on its walls,or a pool with fish for dinner?Architects believe that they are all possibilities.The only thing for sure is that the houses will be as green as possible.

                                                    The tree house

                                                    Many architects in the world would like to build a“tree house”.Like a leaf,the surface of the house collects sunlight during the day.The energy can be used to heat water,produce electricity,and even create fresh air for the home.The“root”of the house is deep under the ground.It uses the soil to control the home's temperature.

                                                    The lizard house

                                                    Like a lizard,changing color with the weather is the most important design of a lizard house.When it's in the bright sun,the cover of the house will turn white to protect it from strong heat.During dark days,it turns dark and takes in as much light and heat as possible to produce energy.

                                                    Meals at home

                                                    This design is perhaps as much about the future of food production as architecture.It has gardens on the outside wall of the house.People can plant tomatoes,carrots and green tea on them.So every day in the morning,you just need to walk outside and collect your meals.

                                                    Learning from the past

                                                    Looking to the future isn't the only way to be green.Sometimes,ancient techniques can also help cut down energy use.For example,a chimney can be a useful air conditioner because it is easier for hot air to flow out of the chimney.

                                                    生詞

                                                    architecture n. 建筑學,建筑風格:the architecture of Venice威尼斯的建筑風格

                                                    chimney n. 煙囪:Smoke drifted from a chimney.煙從煙囪中飄出。

                                                    1.What is the best title of the passage?

                                                    A.Green House of the Future

                                                    B.The Greener,the Better

                                                    C.How to Build Green Houses

                                                    D.Changes of the Houses

                                                    2.We can heat water,produce electricity or create fresh air for the home ________.

                                                    A.with the root of a leaf

                                                    B.with the energy from sunlight

                                                    C.with the soil under the ground

                                                    D.with gardens on its walls

                                                    3.What will happen to the cover of the lizard house when it's in the bright sun?

                                                    A.It will take in light.

                                                    B.It will produce energy.

                                                    C.It will turn dark.

                                                    D.It will turn white.

                                                    4.The passage seems to tell us that meals at home in the future ________.

                                                    A.will be more delicious

                                                    B.need more cooks

                                                    C.cost as much as possible

                                                    D.will be greener

                                                    5.A chimney can be a useful air conditioner but it used to cause ________.

                                                    A.pollution

                                                    B.accident

                                                    C.noise

                                                    D.techniques

                                                    參考譯文

                                                    未來的房屋會是什么樣子?會不會墻上有花園,或是池中有魚可做晚餐?建筑師認為這些都有可能。但唯一確定的是房屋將變得盡可能環保。

                                                    樹屋

                                                    世界上的很多建筑師都想建造“樹屋”。和樹葉一樣,房屋的表面白天收集陽光。收集來的能量可以用來燒水、發電,甚至為房間制造新鮮空氣。房屋的“根”深入地下,利用土壤來控制房間的溫度。

                                                    蜥蜴屋

                                                    和蜥蜴一樣,隨著天氣的變化而改變顏色是蜥蜴屋最重要的設計。當光線充足時,房屋的表面顏色會變成白色以防止吸收強熱。到了陰天,它又會變暗,吸收盡可能多的光和熱以產生能量。

                                                    房屋上的糧食

                                                    這種設計既是關于將來食品生產的設計,也是關于建筑的設計。房屋的外墻上建有花園。人們可以在上面種植土豆、胡蘿卜和綠茶。因此,每天早晨,你只需走到戶外采摘你的飯菜即可。

                                                    向過去學習

                                                    展望未來并不是實現環保的唯一出路。有時候,古老的技術同樣可以幫助人們降低能量消耗。比如,煙囪就是有用的空調,因為熱空氣很容易從中流出。

                                                    參考答案

                                                    Monday 1.A 2.B 3.D 4.D 5.A


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